Behaviours have always been there in both children and adults. The problem behaviours in children do not get important because “its a child” and people feel that it may outgrow the problem. Often parents find it difficult to accept their child as “a problem child”. Some cultures blame the parents rather than looking at solutions to the problem behaviour.
Behaviour problem is behaviour away from the normal acceptable behaviour for that age, situation and culture. Personal views and experience of the family members, teachers and doctors, often delay seeking help. Children grow along with the problem behaviour, which becomes a part of their temperament, which stays for life. As any problem in life, early detection and remediation is the ideal in removing the behavioural problems from the child’s life, and in this definitely restores peace and happiness in the family as a whole.
The best persons to recognise a behaviour as a problem behaviour are parents and family members, school principals, vice principals, teachers, school counsellors, psychiatrists, paediatricians, clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers and anyone interested in children.
To help understand behavioural problems, they are divided into various categories like,
- Problems in the environment where significant adults are the problem makers, the family is disrupted as one or both parents are ill or ill-adjusted, a sibling may have mental, physical behaviour or adjustment problems. These problems affect the development and behaviour of any child.
- The child could have delayed development in specific or all areas leading to mental retardation, problems in studies, delayed speech or autism.
- The child could have a chronic medical and physical condition like, epilepsy, juvenile diabetes, asthma, cerebral palsy, blindness or deafness.
- They could have temperamental defects like an oppositional or conduct problem, anxiety related disorders or major mental illness starting in childhood.
Disruptive Disorders include Attention deficit Disorder (ADD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD).
To be continued ..